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Hawai’i Concussion Awareness & Management Program (HCAMP): ImPACT

Hawaii J Med Public Health. 2019 May;

78(5):155-162.

Murata, N. M., Oshiro, R. S., Furutani, T., Mashima, P., Thibault, E., & Lew, H. L..

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Abstract:

Concussion, also referred to as mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), is caused by a direct or indirect blow to the head or body causing the brain to move rapidly within the skull, resulting in immediate, but temporary, brain dysfunction. Developing awareness and promoting concussion education can reduce the number of short and long-term injuries associated with sports and non-sports related concussions in Hawai’i. The purpose of this study was two-fold: (1) to describe the number of concussions in 67 Hawai’i high school athletic programs using the ImPACT database; and (2) to describe which contact and collision sports had the highest rate of concussions in 67 Hawai’i high schools. This was a retrospective study that described the number of concussions generated across school years 2010-2016, concussion data across 14 contact sports, and athletic exposure rating for the 14 contact sports. Data were analyzed and aggregated from a data-bank associated with the Hawai’i Concussion Awareness and Management program. Findings suggest that for Hawai’i high school student athletes’ concussions increased from 2010-2013 with a gradual decrease from 2014-2016, specific sports had higher number of concussions (eg, football), and when evaluating concussion rate per 1000 exposures, girls’ judo was the highest. These findings stress the need for continued data collection, monitoring, education/awareness and research that will reduce the number of concussions among student athletes.

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