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Cumulative effects of concussion history on baseline computerized neurocognitive test scores: Systematic review and meta-analysis

Sports Health. 2017 Jun;

9(4):324-33.

Alsalaheen, B., Stockdale, K., Pechumer, D., Giessing, A., He, X. and Broglio, S. P..

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Abstract:

CONTEXT: It is unclear whether individuals with a history of single or multiple clinically recovered concussions exhibit worse cognitive performance on baseline testing compared with individuals with no concussion history. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the effects of concussion history on baseline neurocognitive performance using a computerized neurocognitive test. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, CINAHL, and psycINFO were searched in November 2015. The search was supplemented by a hand search of references. STUDY SELECTION: Studies were included if participants completed the Immediate Post-concussion Assessment and Cognitive Test (ImPACT) at baseline (i.e., preseason) and if performance was stratified by previous history of single or multiple concussions. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 2. DATA EXTRACTION: Sample size, demographic characteristics of participants, as well as performance of participants on verbal memory, visual memory, visual-motor processing speed, and reaction time were extracted from each study. RESULTS: A random-effects pooled meta-analysis revealed that, with the exception of worsened visual memory for those with 1 previous concussion (Hedges g = 0.10), no differences were observed between participants with 1 or multiple concussions compared with participants without previous concussions. CONCLUSION: With the exception of decreased visual memory based on history of 1 concussion, history of 1 or multiple concussions was not associated with worse baseline cognitive performance. KEYWORDS: concussion; mild traumatic brain injury; neurocognitive PMID: 28661827 PMCID: PMC5496709 DOI: 10.1177/1941738117713974

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